# Lancashire in 1841

This map is based on an analysis of Kays in the 1841 census for Lancashire. As with the earlier maps, we’ve kept to the old pre-1837 parishes (or what the census said was the parish), though the detached sections of Bolton and Middleton parishes are shown separately here, and Liverpool has been properly split out into Liverpool and Toxteth.

The variants Kay, Kaye, Key, Keay and Cay are included, but not anything ending in an ‘s’, beginning with ‘Mac’ or ‘Mc’, or the name ‘Quay’ that was found in Winwick – an interesting one that. See below for all the names we found.

We’re showing counts of both households (where the first person named was a Kay) and people (all Kays, including those in non-Kay households and institutions, such as the workhouse)^{1}. You can use the radio buttons to display the information:

- The basic numbers
- Those numbers adjusted for the size of the parish
- The numbers adjusted as a factor of the total population of the parish

## More Detail

It isn't feasible to show a more detailed breakdown on a map, but an analysis has been made of the parishes and townships with greater numbers of Kays. Click on the link to view details:

This table shows the townships with the most Kays. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it.

*Parish*

*Township*

*Kays*

*Total*

*Per 50000*

This table shows the townships with the most Kays relative to the total population. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it.

We're only showing townships where the total number of households exceeds 300. Otherwise there'd be some real anomolies - Quarlton in Bolton would be top of the list with 19 Kays out of a total population of 370; Chipping (21 out of 686) and Chaighley (7 out of 266) would also show. But these are not really statistically significant, hence the arbitrary cut-off of 300.

*Parish*

*Township*

*Kays*

*Total*

*Per 50000*

This table shows the townships in the parish of Blackburn. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

*Township*

*Kays*

*Total*

*Per 50000*

This table shows the townships in the parish of Bolton. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

*Township*

*Kays*

*Total*

*Per 50000*

This table shows the townships in the parish of Bury. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

*Township*

*Kays*

*Total*

*Per 50000*

This table shows the townships in the parish of Deane. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

*Township*

*Kays*

*Total*

*Per 50000*

This table shows the townships in the parish of Eccles. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

*Township*

*Kays*

*Total*

*Per 50000*

This table shows the one township in the parish of Liverpool. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

*Township*

*Kays*

*Total*

*Per 50000*

This table shows the townships in the parish of Manchester. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

*Township*

*Kays*

*Total*

*Per 50000*

This table shows the townships in the parish of Oldham. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

*Township*

*Kays*

*Total*

*Per 50000*

This table shows the townships in the parish of Preston. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

*Township*

*Kays*

*Total*

*Per 50000*

This table shows the townships in the parish of Prestwich. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

*Township*

*Kays*

*Total*

*Per 50000*

This table shows the townships in the parish of Rochdale. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

*Township*

*Kays*

*Total*

*Per 50000*

## Variants

In this era where the level of literacy was still low, we’re probably still at the mercy of how individual enumerators decided to spell the name. There was a family in Chorlton on Medlock where the father was spelt ‘Kay’ but the mother and children were ‘Key’. In one family in the Great Howard Street sub-district of Liverpool, father, mother and two sons were listed with the surname ‘Kay’. At the top of the next page, their 9 month old baby was given the surname ‘McKaye’. Make what you want of that! But outside Manchester and Liverpool, Lancashire mostly opted for ‘Kay’, as can be seen by this first chart:

Manchester shows a wider range:

while the differences in Liverpool are extreme:

Liverpool’s status as a large port must have contributed to this totally different mixture, and a similar range, even more pronounced, can be seen in next-door Toxteth^{2}:

^{1}

^{2}