The Kay Family Association UK

Yorkshire in 1841

These maps are based on an analysis of Kays in the 1841 census for Yorkshire. The first shows Kays across the whole county, and is loosely based on the old wapentakes (the Norse equivalent of the English hundred), but with some variations – see footnote1 for more on this.

The variants Kay, Kaye, Key and Keay are included, but not anything beginning with ‘Mac’ or ‘Mc’. See Yorkshire Names in 1841 for the names we found and where we found them.

We’re showing counts of both households (where the first person named was a Kay) and people (all Kays, including those in non-Kay households and institutions, such as the workhouse)2. You can use the radio buttons to display the information:

  • The basic numbers
  • Those numbers adjusted for the size of the wapentakes
  • The numbers adjusted as a factor of the total population of the wapentakes

Hover over any wapentake to see the figures, or you can touch it if you are using a touch-sensitive screen.

Boundaries based on data from GENUKI
Key
Analysis
People in census
Adjusted by area
Per 50000 of population
Show households

It’s clear that the majority of Kays lived in the West Riding (Agbrigg alone counts for 46% of the Yorkshire Kays), but so did a lot of people – 73% of the population lived in the West Riding in 1841. On these maps we can only suggest that you, the reader, draw your own conclusions. Do please use the radio buttons to investigate the differences when looking at the distribution based on area or population.

Our second map homes in on those most populated parts of the county, and goes down to parish level. To the left are those parts of Lancashire where the most Kays were found in 1841, those parishes in the south east of the county3. The two counties are slightly separated for clarity.

LANCASHIRE YORKSHIRE
Boundaries based on data from Lancashire Archives and GENUKI
Key
Analysis
People in census
Adjusted by area
Per 50000 of population
Show households

Again we leave conclusions to the reader, but the concentration of Kays in the parishes of Kirkheaton, Kirkburton, Emley and Almondbury has to be remarked on, particularly when viewing Kays relative to the total population – the density is higher than anything to be found in Lancashire.

More Detail

That concentration has led us to a more detailed examination of that end of Yorkshire, taking it down to the townships. Click on the link to view the details, and use the links you'll then see to examine them on a parish by parish basis.

View details

This table shows the townships in the parish of Almondbury. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

Township
Kays
Total
Per 50000
Almondbury
228 (45)
9926 (1841)
1148
Austonley
16 (3)
1940 (329)
412
Crosland South
42 (8)
3251 (599)
646
Farnley Tyas
38 (7)
1247 (234)
1524
Holme
39 (4)
713 (120)
2735
Honley
69 (11)
5866 (1075)
588
Lingards
0 (0)
801 (151)
0
Linthwaite
29 (7)
3310 (742)
438
Lockwood
48 (11)
4929 (969)
487
Marsden
20 (3)
2206 (439)
453
Meltham
37 (6)
3747 (694)
494
Nether Thong
5 (2)
1156 (212)
216
Upper Thong
1 (0)
2258 (412)
22

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This table shows the townships in the parish of Emley. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

The township of Cumberworth spreads across the parishes of Emley, High Hoyland and Kirkburton. The numbers shown here are those the census recorded under Emley.

Township
Kays
Total
Per 50000
Cumberworth
5 (1)
949 (168)
263
Not specified
38 (8)
2046 (417)
929

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This table shows the townships in the parish of Halifax. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

Township
Kays
Total
Per 50000
Barkisland
0 (0)
2390 (338)
0
Brighouse
0 (0)
1590 (321)
0
Elland with Greetland
26 (5)
6465 (1291)
201
Erringden
0 (0)
2221 (392)
0
Fixby
0 (0)
399 (80)
0
Halifax
6 (1)
19881 (3915)
15
Heptonstall
6 (1)
4791 (969)
63
Hipperholme
3 (1)
2836 (573)
0
Hipperholme with Brighouse
0 (0)
985 (194)
0
Langfield
0 (0)
3284 (602)
0
Midgley
0 (0)
2665 (498)
0
Norland
0 (0)
1669 (310)
0
Northowram
0 (0)
13148 (2540)
0
Ovenden
0 (0)
11899 (2203)
0
Rastrick
14 (3)
3972 (853)
176
Rishworth
0 (0)
1710 (293)
0
Shelf
0 (0)
3048 (571)
0
Skircoat
0 (0)
5206 (1013)
0
Southowram
9 (1)
7436 (1449)
61
Sowerby
1 (0)
7738 (1520)
6
Soyland
0 (0)
3603 (659)
0
Stainland with Old Lindley
14 (2)
4394 (813)
159
Stansfield
0 (0)
8272 (1508)
0
Wadsworth
0 (0)
5580 (1059)
0
Warley
6 (1)
6742 (1233)
44

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This table shows the townships in the parish of High Hoyland. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

The township of Cumberworth spreads across the parishes of Emley, High Hoyland and Kirkburton. The numbers shown here are those the census recorded under High Hoyland.

Township
Kays
Total
Per 50000
Clayton
15 (3)
1439 (261)
521
Cumberworth
7 (2)
1045 (203)
335
High Hoyland
0 (0)
272 (54)
0

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This table shows the townships in the parish of Huddersfield. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

Township
Kays
Total
Per 50000
Golcar
1 (0)
3598 (678)
14
Huddersfield
101 (19)
29332 (5448)
172
Lindley with Quarmby
7 (1)
2881 (563)
121
Longwood
6 (1)
2418 (442)
124
Marsden
1 (0)
591 (117)
85
Scammonden
9 (2)
972 (162)
463
Slaithwaite
5 (1)
2919 (575)
86

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This table shows the townships in the parish of Kirkburton. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

The township of Cumberworth spreads across the parishes of Emley, High Hoyland and Kirkburton. The numbers shown here are those the census recorded under Kirkburton.

Township
Kays
Total
Per 50000
Cartworth
22 (4)
2243 (402)
490
Cumberworth
0 (0)
487 (93)
0
Foulston
59 (10)
1855 (339)
1590
Hepworth
42 (9)
1436 (255)
1462
Kirkburton
83 (16)
4968 (875)
835
Shelley
13 (2)
2280 (407)
285
Shepley
15 (3)
1088 (191)
689
Thurstonland
11 (2)
1286 (227)
428
Wooldale
35 (5)
4801 (934)
365

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This table shows the townships in the parish of Kirkheaton. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

Township
Kays
Total
Per 50000
Dalton
74 (11)
5487 (1056)
674
Kirkheaton
26 (5)
3223 (586)
403
Lepton
89 (16)
5089 (940)
874
Upper Whitley
11 (3)
984 (181)
559

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This table shows the townships in the parish of Penistone. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

Township
Kays
Total
Per 50000
Denby
9 (2)
1690 (321)
266
Gunthwaite
0 (0)
66 (13)
0
Hunshelf
0 (0)
578 (115)
0
Ingbirchworth
0 (0)
419 (84)
0
Langsett
4 (1)
303 (50)
660
Oxspring
0 (0)
241 (53)
0
Penistone
0 (0)
738 (139)
0
Thurlstone
9 (2)
1872 (358)
240

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This table shows the townships in the parish of Rochdale. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

Township
Kays
Total
Per 50000
Saddleworth (Delph)
31 (6)
9976 (1829)
155
Saddleworth (Upper Mill)
1 (0)
7577 (1426)
7

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This table shows the townships in the parish of Sandal Magna. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

Township
Kays
Total
Per 50000
Britton West
0 (0)
215 (36)
0
Criggleston
11 (3)
2352 (481)
234
Sandall Magna
5 (1)
1278 (258)
196
Walton
9 (2)
510 (97)
882

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This table shows the townships in the parish of Silkstone. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

Township
Kays
Total
Per 50000
Barnsley
45 (6)
14303 (2792)
157
Cumberworth
0 (0)
822 (146)
0
Dodworth
0 (0)
1474 (282)
0
Hoyland Swaine
5 (0)
713 (139)
351
Silkstone
7 (1)
1076 (191)
325
Stainborough
1 (0)
482 (89)
104
Thurgoland
0 (0)
1332 (264)
0
West Bretton
0 (0)
349 (70)
0

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This table shows the townships in the parish of Tankersley. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

Township
Kays
Total
Per 50000
Tankersley
11 (1)
804 (142)
684
Wortley
7 (2)
990 (193)
354

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This table shows the townships in the parish of Thornhill. The three columns of figures give respectively the number of Kays, the total number of people in the township, and the number of Kays per 50,000 people in the population. Figures in brackets are the number of households. Click on the link under this table to close it, or use the Previous and Next links to move through the other parishes.

Township
Kays
Total
Per 50000
Flockton
32 (7)
1096 (208)
1460
Shitlington
9 (3)
2157 (389)
209
Thornhill
10 (1)
2795 (529)
179
Whitley
5 (1)
1124 (200)
222

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1
Before 1832, Yorkshire had over 600 parishes, some of them tiny, which is why we’ve gone for wapentakes to make the results easier to view. The 1841 census enumeration forms required both the registration district and the hundred or wapentake, so clearly these still had an administrative function though they weren’t used in the 1851 census. But the wapentakes as shown here will not necessarily match what you may find on sites such as Genuki. This is partly driven by what the census used – for example, Kingston upon Hull in the census includes the parishes of North Ferriby, Kirk Ella and Hessle, which is not what you will see on many maps, while the parish of Grinton is placed in Gilling West rather than Hang West. We’re also not showing detached parts of wappentakes – we’re interested in geographical rather than administrative location, so those detached parts are merged into the surrounding wapentake. This is particularly the case with Strafforth and Tickhill, where the split between the Upper and Lower Divisions is totally arbitrary.
2
The number of households is therefore, to an extent, notional. A dwelling where the first person named was a Kay is counted as a Kay household. A dwelling where there was a family of Kays living but where the first person named was not a Kay is not counted as a Kay household. For any other approach, we’d have to start asking how many Kays constitute a family, and when does a family constitute a household. Two children live with a family with a different surname – has mother remarried, or have the children been farmed out? A young couple live with a family with a different surname – are they a married couple, or are they brother and sister who have moved to find work? A married couple and their child are working on someone else’s farm and living in the farmhouse – is that a household? We’d be making guesses in many cases, some of which will be valueless. This approach is at least consistent, and no better or worse than any other.
3
The parish of Rochdale had parts in both counties; they are shown here as distinct entities.