The Kay Family Association UK

The Kay Arms

The Kay coat of arms is proudly displayed at the top of every page of this site; do we have any right to it? We like to think so!

The arms of Kay quartered with those of FinchendenIn heraldic terms, the arms are described as “argent two bendletts sable, and for crest a goldfinch proper“; the motto “Kynd Kynn Knawne Keppe” translates to “Keep kind to known kin“. The Kays of Woodsome (in the parish of Almondbury in Yorkshire) certainly have a right to them. Sir John Lister-Kaye, direct descendant of those first Woodsome Kays, tells us that the first grant was made by Richard II in 1378 to “John Kay of Woodsum“. The family registered their right to these arms during one of the visitations in the 1530s, and in 1564 the grant of a crest, a goldfinch, was made to Arthur Kay of Woodsome. The photograph to the right is of those arms, still preserved at Woodsome. The Kay arms are quartered with those of Finchenden, their name represented by three finches – it was Dame Alice Finchenden who first granted the manors of Slaithwaite and Farnley Tyas cum Woodsome to John Kay in 1375. Click on the image (or any other image on this page) for a larger version and to see other related images.

Woodsome is still standing, though it is now a golf club. In the hall of the house there used to be two panels painted on both sides. One shows John Kay, the then head of the family, and his twelve children (“his fruit o Christ blest“). The Kay arms, quartered with those of Finchenden, can be seen at the top of one side. The other shows various families and their arms with which he claimed a relationship. Those panels can be seen in the section on Woodsome on our Kay Homes page.

The arms on the memorial plaque for Sir Lister Lister-Kaye (6th baronet)The senior male line at Woodsome ended in 1726, but the arms continued through a junior line at Denby Grange in the nearby parish of Kirkburton. They took the name Lister-Kaye as the result of a bequest from a Lister cousin and quartered their arms with those of Lister as the image here shows. The Kay goldfinch or the Lister stag can appear as the crest – in this image both are used.

The Kay arms at CobhouseThe Woodsome Kays certainly had the right to those arms, but the Lancashire Kays seem to have felt the same right although no official registration was made. Writing in 1908, Kenneth Kay recorded having seen an old painting on parchment that had been in the possession of the Kays of Cobhouse in Bury depicting these arms with the description “The Armes of the Ancient Family of Kay of Lancashire are thus blazoned (viz) The field Argent two Bendletts Sable, And for his Crest being placed above a Helmet and Wreath of His Colours, a goldfinch in his proper colours, Mantled Gules, Doubled Argent, as is herein above depicted“. The picture reproduced here is one that he took at the time. He recorded that his great aunt Sarah Kay had seen the same arms painted on the wall of old Cobhouse farm (pulled down in the 19th century and replaced by the present building) with the date 1665. The lengendary Captain Kay, who was one of the Royalist commanders at the siege of Lathom House during the Civil War, came from Cobhouse, and they were a family of some status in the Bury area.

The Kay motto over the main entrance at Gawthorpe HallThree other Kay families from the Bury area used them as well – Baldingstone just down the hill from Cobhouse, and Woodhill and Bass Lane further to the west. The arms can be seen on the seal attached to the will of Rev. Roger Kay of Woodhill, and a number of seals and items of furniture in the possession of the Baldingstone family have survived which use them. The Bass Lane Kays clearly felt entitled to them too because the closest the Lancashire Kays have come to official recognition of the use of these arms was when James Phillips Kay, the 19th century public-health reformer and educationist and himself a descendant of the Bass Lane Kays, married Janet Shuttleworth of Gawthorpe Hall in 1842 and took his wife’s name. His son Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth was created the first baron in 1902, and it is from him that our president is descended. The arms of the family are those of Shuttleworth quartered with the same Kay arms, though with the addition of three crescents and three ermine spots. The goldfinch is still there, as is the motto. The image here is of the motto carved over the main entrance at Gawthorpe; click on it for an enlarged version and to see the arms themselves.

We will never know if those Bury Kays were entitled to the Woodsome arms or just hijacked them (the terms ‘Bury’ and ‘Woodsome’, rather than ‘Lancashire’ and ‘Yorkshire’, are stressed here – any occurences of the arms in either county can be traced back to one of those locations). In his article John Kay of Salfordshire and Farnley Tyas, Dr Redmonds suggests that the original John Kay of Woodsome came out of Lancashire. If the Bury Kays were entitled, it suggests that at some point there was a move back in the opposite direction.

The arms of Kay de Okinshaw that are among John's relatives on the Woodsome panelThose arms have spread, to the point where they are associated with the Kay anywhere. The image here is taken from the Woodsome panel, the arms of a relative ‘Kay de Okinshaw‘; also to be seen there if you click on the image are the arms associated with the name by a web site on Irish surnames, and the sign that used to hang outside the Kaye Arms pub in Grange Moor near Wakefield.

The goldfinch, which we assume came from the Finchendens, is certainly a recurring theme. Quoting from a talk that Dr Redmonds gave to the Huddersfield and District Family History Society some years ago:

Three families preceded the Kayes at Woodsome – the Nottons in the thirteenth century, the Tyases in the fourteenth century, and for a short time afterwards the Finchendons, whose emblem—the finch—still adorns rain-water-heads, etc., as though to perpetuate the memory of Dame Alice Finchenden. In 1378 she granted the manor of Woodsome to John Kaye for twenty years, but when John married Dame Alice’s daughter the emblematic bird was snared for posterity, so the speak, and Woodsome became a Kaye possession. The Kayes retained ownership until 1726, when Sir Arthur Kaye’s daughter married George Legge, Viscount Lewisham, eldest son of the Earl of Dartmouth. Even now that little finch persists – in the crest of the present Earl of Dartmouth, the club’s president. As can be seen, that emblematic little bird has also been snared as the crest of the Kay coat of arms.

As to the motto, we quote Sir John Lister-Kaye:

I am uncomfortable with your interpretation of the Kaye motto. I suppose that ultimately with puns riddle and alliterations of that antiquity, one can create one’s own interpretation – there are no hard and fast rules, but it may interest your readers to know that this motto first emerged in the 14th century and that it was going strong by the time the first recorded manor house was built at Woodsome Hall in 1486. I own two wooden Tudor plaques dated 1576 on which the motto appears as Kynd Kynn Known Keep (later it appears as Kynd Kinn Knawne Kepe). It is thought that this motto was part of the grant of arms by Richard II.

I was brought up to believe that our motto had two meanings: Keep to your Known Kin and Kind – in other words the ultimate snob motto – or more acceptably and the one I prefer, Keep Known Kin Kind – or keep your known family kind, the medieval of kind being acceptable, agreeable, pleasantly disposed to others.

In 1980, I had the motto checked out by a leading medievalist at Oxford. His view was that since all medieval heralds were intellectuals who were probably also bored and underemployed, they resorted to wit and pun to keep themselves amused. It was also very fashionable to have a witty motto. He favoured the latter interpretation I have given above.